FOR April 2, 2010 Text: Romans 5:15-19
Today we want to focus on the cross of Christ--not so much on
the event of the crucifixion
but more on the blessings that flow to us from the
cross. To do that, we want to turn to Romans chapter five where Paul
is contrasting Adam, who subjected humanity to death as a result of his sin, with Christ, who saved us through
his work on the cross. As
we study this text, our goal is that we would glory in the supremacy
of Christís gift of grace in the cross.
Paul details this supremacy beginning with verse 15 as he writes of Christís work on the
cross, ďBut the free gift is not like the
trespass. For if many died through one man's trespass, much more have the
grace of God and the free gift by the
grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many. 16And the free gift is not like
the result of that one man's sin. For the
judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the
free gift following many trespasses brought justification. 17If, because of one man's trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will
those who receive the abundance of grace and the
free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one
man Jesus Christ. 18Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all
men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men.
19For as by the
one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, so
by the one man's obedience the
many will be made righteous.Ē
Paul labors to contrast,
with this very tight parallelism between Adam and Christ, what Adam did in his sin and its consequences, with what
Christ did on the cross and its results.
The main idea he is communicating is encapsulated in two words found in verses 15 and 17.
These two words are ďmuch moreĒ and what Paul is saying through them
is that what Adam did through his sin, Christ ďmuch moreĒ than made up for in his gift of grace, which is
his atoning death at Calvary. The
truth of this text we want to bring out today is this: Jesusí redeeming work at the cross is much more powerful than Adamís corrupting work in the
fall. Letís first look at this through a wide angle
lens, and then we will be able to better understand what Paul is saying
in the details.
Paul presents two figures,
Adam and Christ. Adam, through his sin brought a devastating curse
on humanity. From a human point of view, it spoiled everything. His sin didnít affect select portions of humanity, it tainted--it polluted
the entire race. Fallen humanity apart from Christ is NOT simply a slightly warped or mildly
distorted version of the original.
It is totally corrupt. To illustrate:
if fallen humanity was a lemon meringue pie, the effects of
sin would not correlate to our humanity being slightly over baked and a bit stiff.
No, a much more accurate parallel would see that sin-laden pie as being completely overtaken with mold and
maggots with its putrid stench rising up to God. Apart from Christ,
we are to God good for nothing spiritually. We see the evidence of
Adamís lethal legacy every day on a societal level as the sin and evil
of this world seem to be more and more pervasive. Sometimes, when
we are daily confronted with the colossal corrupting power of Adamís
sin, itís tempting to think that sin has so spoiled and corrupted humanity that it is beyond hope--that Christís
death and resurrection and what he accomplished are small in comparison to the
massive destructive force of Adamís sin. Likewise, when we see our
own weaknesses and patterns of sin, the temptation is to question whether
we really can grow to spiritual maturity in Christódid the cross really
purchase what I need to live spiritually mature in Christ? Itís easy
to answer that question, ďyes.Ē
This text shatters that
lie as Paul argues that the goodness
of the blessing of Christís redeeming work is far more potent than the
badness of the
curse of Adamís sin. This only follows when you think about it. Here is Adam--fully human and he manages to wreck havoc on humanity through
his sin. But next comes Christ, not only fully human but also fully
God. Adam is the source
of the curse. Christ is
the source of the blessing. Which of those two sources is stronger?
To put it another way, Adam disobeys God.
Christ obeys God. Does Adamís act of disobedience have more
power to spoil and corrupt than Christís act of obedience has to redeem and bless?
One consequence of that
truth is this: When all of those who have been saved are completed
in their salvation process--when they
meet Jesus and are glorified--those redeemed saints will be far more glorious than Adam was even
before the fall. They will be far more glorious in their
splendor than the lost in hell will be in their
misery. Do you ever think about that?
The miseries of hell are very stark to us, but are the glories
of what we will be in heaven just as real to us? There are many reasons
for this supremacy, but perhaps the most basic among them
is this: Humanity was created to glorify God by revealing the
character of God and two absolutely stunning aspects of Godís character revealing his glory are his grace and his
mercy. Before the fall,
Adam did not/could not reveal Godís grace and mercy in nearly the same
way as the redeemed community in heaven will.
reason for this is simple. In order to see the
depths of Godís grace and mercy, there must be sin.
Sin must be present in order to reveal the depths of Godís grace
and mercy. How can creation know that God is full of grace--(that
is, He gives people what they donít deserve,) if a person has never
done anything wrong? If humanity had not fallen into sin, we would
not be nearly as undeserving of Godís goodness as we now areówe, who have sinned against Him in every way imaginable. How was creation to know that God is merciful--(that
is, He withholds his wrath from those deserving of it,) unless a person has done something to deserve His punishment?
How was creation to know
the nature, the depth, the
tenacity, the gloryóthe
weightiness of Godís love in a context where there
is no sin? ďGod demonstrates his
love for us in this: while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.Ē
In order for God to demonstrate His God-like love to the fullest
degree, there had to be sin because what exalts divine love over every
other love is this--that when God looks down at people who are spitting
in His faceórather than immediately judging them
as he legitimately could, he insteadÖdies for them.
God, at untold sacrifice to himself, loves the totally unlovable--that
is divine loveóonly GOD loves like that.
How is God going to demonstrate that kind of love
in the pristine spiritual terrarium of the
Garden of Eden? What is UNlovable about Adam and Eve before the
fall? They were morally and physically perfect--without sin and rebellion. Whatís not to love? How
are you going to know the depths of Godís
patience apart from the presence of sin?
How far did Adam stretch Godís patience before the fall? He didnít. He did precisely
what the Lord said when
He said it. Itís fallen humanity--us,
who spend years pushing Him away, that enables him to show the depths
of His patience. Itís the
depths of our sin that reveals the depths of His glory.
We must understand that the fall of humanity was no surprise
to God, but was instead part of his eternal plan. We see this in
several places. Paul writes to Timothy in 2 Timothy 1:9 that God
saved us, ďbecause of his own purpose and grace, which he gave us in Christ Jesus before
ages began,Ē God the
Father planned to save a sinful humanity, creating a company of redeemed,
glorified sinners from ALL ETERNITY. In Revelation 13:8, John is
speaking of those who will not remain faithful in the persecution and
says, ďand all who dwell on earth will worship it, [the beast]
everyone whose name has not been written before the
foundation of the world in the
book of life of the Lamb that was slain.Ē The Lambís
book of life--that designation speaks of those saved by Christís redeeming work on the
cross. The names of the
people saved by Jesus in that book were written down BEFORE Adam and Eve ever stepped foot in the
garden. God allowed
Adam to fall, in part so that He could reveal the glory of His grace and mercy and love and patience and sovereign power within
a context of sin. His radiant, resplendent light is seen
most clearly--is most gloriously manifest in the spiritual darkness
of sin and death. Because
of Adam was part of Godís plan--(He did not CAUSE Adamís Fall--Adam was fully responsible for his sin)óbecause
it was part of His God-glorifying plan, then it
is unthinkable that the sin of Adam and what
it brought would be more powerful than the grace
of God given through Christís death and what it brings.
Now that weíve seen the
big picture, we can better understand Paulís more detailed treatment. When
you sort through the rather
intricate parallel arguments contrasting Adam and Christ, you discover he is simply contrasting the
reign of sin and death that came through Adam, with the reign of grace
that leads to life that came through Christ and his obedience at Calvary. His inevitable conclusion is that the
grace of God through Christ crucified is much stronger than the sin
One main point coming from
the text to support the supremacy
of Christís victory in the cross over Adamís defeat in the
garden is this: Adamís
sin left us but sinners, but Christís work of grace makes us righteous. The fact that Adamís sin made us all sinners runs strongly throughout
the text, but is stated explicitly in the
conclusion in verse 19, ď...through the disobedience
of the one man the
many were made sinners...Ē On the
other hand, the text says
of Christ, ďthrough the obedience of the
one man the many will be made righteous.Ē
Paul says ďWILL be made righteous.Ē He uses the future
tense because he is looking to the time when our righteousness will
be completely realized in heaven. In order to see just how much greater
is Christís work on the cross in making us righteous, over Adamís work
in making us sinners, we must think about what is involved in being a sinner.
Without claiming to be comprehensive, we could say that to be a sinner is to be spiritually dirty,
spiritually crooked and spiritually condemned.
To be a sinner is to be spiritually dirty
or defiled--tainted with the filth of sin.
Isaiah 1:18 says, ďCome now, let us reason together,
says the Lord: though your sins are like
scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though
they are red
like crimson, they shall become like wool.Ē Our sins are compared to the
colors scarlet and crimson and thatís instructive in at least two ways.
First, our sin, like scarlet
is glaringóit is in Godís holy sight--vivid and stark and impossible to overlook.
It jumps out at youóor more accuratelyóit jumps out at God because it is aimed directly at him.
Second, scarlet and crimson were colors noted for their
fastness. That isóif a garment was dyed scarlet, in the
Ancient Near East that particular color was impossible to get out. It
did not fade and it could not be washed out. It completely infiltrated
and took over the garment and remained there
no matter what was done to try to remove it. Our sins are scarletóthey
are glaring eye sores before God and their stain is--humanly speaking,
dominating and impossible to remove.
God created Adam without spot or blemish--morally perfect and he makes
it clear that this kind of person is the only person He will accept--
ďBe holy, even as I am holy.Ē Adam was holy--morally like
God until with one sin he and Eve became horribly tainted.
sin they committed caused their
souls to become as scarletóvivid and stark in their evil before a holy
God and it clung fast to their heartsóhumanly speaking, there
was no way to get it out. To see the
supremacy of Christís cleansing work over Adamís defiling work, all we need to do is compare what is involved in
making something dirty with what is involved in making something that is dirty, clean.
How much effort does it require to take a white silk blouse and throw it in a hog lot or drop it into the
sewer? Not much--clean things get dirty very easily.
Itís the same in the
spiritual realm. One sin, one act of disobedience leaves an entire
race of people absolutely wretched before a holy God--one sin. Leave
that white silk blouse in the hog lot for a week.
How much work does it take to make that garment wearable again? The
truth is, no one here would be foolish enough to try--itís ruined. Full
of the rancid smell and stuff of animal waste--it wouldnít make a good
rag--itís destroyed by the filth.
Adamís work in defiling
humanity took no great effort on his part. But Christ died for a
group of people who had been tainted more profoundly than any garment in a hog lot.
And his mission was to cleanse us and heal us so that we would not be merely functional or marginally presentable,
but ďholy, even as His Father is holy.Ē
There is only one cleansing agent in the universe supernaturally
potent enough to do thatóChristís own holy and innocent blood. Wesley
reminds us that ďhis blood can make the foulest clean.Ē Do
you see how much greater the work of grace in Christ is than the
work of sin through Adam?
indicator of the supremacy of Christís work is seen in the
fact that to be a sinner is
to be spiritually twisted or bent. One of the
most common Hebrew words for sin literally means ďtwisted.Ē This
is that result of the fall that bent or twisted the
will of humanity away from God and toward ourselves. Another
word for it is rebellion, but a twisted or bent will captures it well. Again,
with one rebellious act, Adamís and the rest of humanityís will was
twisted from being completely compliant and delighting to do Godís will, to one that continually thumbs its nose
at God. Chapter 1:30 says sinners are ďinventors of evil.Ē The fallen sinner exerts earnest effort to devise new and more heinous
expressions of rebellion against God. I can surely relate to that! Adamís sin horribly bent or twisted our will away from God.
As in the case of our spiritual defilement, compare which is
the greater work--to make something crooked, or to straighten out something
that has been bent so it will do what it is supposed to do. Anyone
here ever seen a bent drive shaft on a motor? Anyone here ever bent
the shaft of a 3 iron? How
successful were you at restoring them to their
unbent condition? You probably didnít even bother
trying to straighten them out.
Bending or twisting something is a very uncomplicated and unremarkable act.
Something or someone with sufficient force exerts pressure on the
shaft to move beyond a certain tolerance and itís done. Itís easy
to do thatómany have. To straighten out something that has been bent
so that it is straighter than it was before is in most cases, impossible.
Yet, when Christ came with his grace, his mission was to straighten out twisted wills and he does this by
giving us sinners new hearts he purchased for us at Calvary. In the
cross, Jesus did the work necessary to fulfill the
prophecy of Ezekiel 36:26-27. God tells the
prophet, ďAnd I will give you a new heart, and a new spirit I will put within you. And I will remove the
heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause
you to walk in my statutes and be careful to obey my rules.Ē
A spiritual heart transplant will successfully straighten a hopelessly twisted human will back to being
God-centered and away from self-centeredness. Christís cross is stronger
than Adamís sin.
third indicator of the supremacy of grace over sin is seen in the
fact that to be a sinner is
to be spiritually condemned.
Paul says in verse 16, ď...For the
judgment following one trespass brought condemnation.Ē Adam commits
ONE sin and God as the righteous Judge immediately renders the
guilty verdict and condemns Him to death. As a consequence, every
person born into this world sits on a spiritual death row awaiting their
spiritual execution with only one valid hope for rescue. Thatís
powerful--the sin of Adam carried with it grievous and staggering destructive
power. But Paul says in the
second half of verse 16, ďbut the free gift followed
many trespasses and brought justification.Ē
This brings out the
supremacy of Godís grace through the cross in at least two ways. First, we see the difference
in the supremacy of the cross in the power of grace versus the power of sin. Adam
sinned once and was judged and condemned. That is simply what justice
required. Godís warning to them
was when they sinned, they
would die. There is nothing remarkable about that.
However, when Jesus came to confront the sin problem, he didnít have just one sin to deal with, He had untold trillions of sins
to address. Yet, in his
ONE work of grace on the cross, he wiped all those sins away.
Even one sin deserves eternal judgment in hell. How many of
us have violated that standard in the last hour?!
Yet, Christís work of grace is so MUCH MORE powerful because it confronts untold oceans of sin and with
one work of grace on
totally removes the guilt of every person who trusts in Him.
more. The second way we see the
supremacy of Godís grace through the cross is in the supremacy of the cross in justification.
In verse 16, Paul says Christís sacrifice brought us justification.
The sin of Adam put us on death-row. The gift of grace offered
through the cross did much
more than simply reversing Godís guilty verdict. Believers
in Christ are more than simply pardoned of their guilt.
They have been taken off death row, had their filthy criminal
record totally expunged, given a new set of clothes-the
very robe of Christís righteousness and made to sit eternally at the
table of the Great King who they
now are able to relate to as ďAbba, Father.Ē
Thatís not just a pardon. The condemnation of sin for the
believer is MUCH MORE than obliterated. ďTherefore there
is now, no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.Ē Perhaps
the most glorious hymn in Christendom says, ďNo
condemnation now I dread; Jesus, and all in Him, is mine!
Alive in Him, my living Head, And clothed in righteousness divine, Bold I approach the eternal throne, And claim the crown, through Christ my own.Ē
Now, what does all this
comparison of Adam and Jesus mean to us? Is this just a license for
us to sit back and say, ďYeah, that grace sure is a wonderful thing?Ē How do we apply this truth? One
two-pronged application is simply, we must deeply appreciate the power
of grace and seek to make its presence clearly manifest in our lives.
For many people grace is a very delicate and gentle thing. Although
its value is beyond measure, there is nothing gentle of delicate about
grace. Grace is virile--it potent--it is overpowering--it is victorious. We are saved by graceógrace through the
cross defeated sinís power. We have been given grace through the
cross that cleanses our grossly defiled hearts, straightens our twisted wills and justifies us out of the
pit of hell to our Heavenly Fatherís right hand.
If we are in Christ, then
we have this enormous spiritual power plant under our hood. The reason
many of us donít live like this is because our attitude about ourselves is shaped more by our past failures and
the lies of the devil than
by the word of God. Think
of the supremacy of Godís grace in Christ as the
spiritual electric outlet that gives us access to 10 million amps of spiritual power.
What enables us to plug into that grace is faithóbelieving the
promises of God we have just been thinking about. Do we believe this? John says in 1 John chapter five, ďÖthis is the
victory that has overcome the worldóour faith.Ē This is why Hebrews 11:6 says, ď...without faith it is impossible
to please him.Ē No faith, no access to graceóno access to grace,
no supernatural, overcoming, blood-bought victory. We must stay in
the word in order to build faith.
We must start believing what God says about us, instead of what our past experience teaches us and what
the devil is more than willing to whisper in our ears.
Are our expectations of
what the Christian life and church life should be like shaped by the
fact that we have been endowed with this awesome, sin-overcoming grace?
Or are they more shaped by our own past experiences and the
lies of the devil? WHO
ARE WE? Are we living only as children of Adam, or are we those who
have access to the very grace of God through the
cross of Christ?
if you are here today and you have never accepted Christ as your personal Lord and Savioróif you have never placed
your trust in Christ and what he did on the cross to save you from
your sins, allow this message to be sobering warning. The reason
is this: if you have not accepted Christ, you are still in Adam. That is, instead of being in the
family of God, you are in the family of Adam and all those who are only
in the family of Adam when they
die will be sent to the fire of hell.
The Bible says your sins are as scarlet to Godóthey are vivid
and repugnant in his eyesóyouíre as dirty in his sight as a white silk blouse that has spent a week in a manure
pit and no matter what you do, or how nice you try to be, or how many times you go to church, you will never be
able to get the filth of sin out of your soul.
Only the blood of Christ Jesus shed on the
cross does that. The Bible says your will is sinfully twisted to live for yourself and not God.
Whether you know it or not, God sees you as rebelliously shaking
your fist at Him, the Judge of the
universe and only Christ can straighten out your self-obsessed will into a God-obsessed heart.
Finally, you are at this very moment sitting condemned, on spiritual death row awaiting your execution after
which you will be sent to eternal death and torment in hell. God
will MUCH MORE than pardon you if you come to him, confess that you are a dirty, twisted and condemned sinner. Come to Christ today and by his grace live as his righteous, fully accepted
child for His glory. May God give all of us the
faith to believe what God says about us and live in a way that displays the
glory of his overcoming grace.